A small, hard mineral deposit called a kidney stone, also known as renal lithiasis or nephrolithiasis, develops inside the kidneys.

Often, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and stick together, causing stones to form. Kidney stones can affect any part of your urinary tract, from your kidneys to your bladder, and have a variety of causes.

Depending on your circumstances, you may only require pain medication and plenty of water to pass a kidney stone.

Although a number of factors may raise your risk, kidney stones frequently lack a single, identifiable cause.

In order for kidney stones to form, your urine must contain more crystal-forming substances, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, than the fluid in your urine can dilution.

Types of kidney stones

Knowing the kind of kidney stone you have can help you figure out what caused it and may also provide information on how to lower your risk of developing additional kidney stones.

Calcium stones.The majority of kidney stones are calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate, which is a naturally occurring substance produced by your liver. Dietary factors, high doses of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery, and several metabolic disorders can increase the concentration of calcium or oxalate in urine. Calcium stones may also occur in the form of calcium phosphite.

Struvite stones.Struvite stones can grow rapidly and become quite large, occasionally with few symptoms or little warning, and they can develop in response to an infection, such as a urinary tract infection.

Uric acid stones.Some genetic factors may also increase your risk of developing uric acid stones. Uric acid stones can develop in people who don’t drink enough fluids or lose too much fluid, those who consume a high-protein diet, and those who have gout.

Cystine stones.Cystinuria, an inherited disorder that causes excessive excretion of specific amino acids by the kidneys, is a condition where these stones develop.

Other stones.Kidney stones can also develop in other, less common ways.

**Symptoms–**Until a kidney stone moves inside your kidney or enters your ureter, the tube that connects the kidney and bladder, symptoms may not appear.

Severe back and side pain that is located below the ribs

Lower abdomen and groin pain that is radiated from the hip area

Waves of pain with varying degrees of intensity

· Pain on urination

urine that is red, pink, or brown.

· Cloudy or foul-smelling urine

· Nausea and vomiting

· Persistent need to urinate

Having an increased need to urinate

If there is an infection, there will be a fever and chills.

Making only a few urine drops.

As the kidney stone passes through your urinary tract, the pain it causes may change, such as moving to a different spot or becoming more intense.


One of the best treatments for renal stone colic is berberis vulgaris, which can relieve pain that is stitching, cutting, burning, sore, and sensitive to touch in the renal region on the left side of the body.

**CANTHARIS 30–**Continuous urging to urinate, passing only a few drops at a time, which are mixed with blood. Intolerable urging before, during, and after urination. Violent paroxysms of cutting & burning in the entire renal region. Violent tenesmus & strangulation. Urine scalds him & is passed drop by drop. Membranous scales looking like bran in water. Ur

LYCOPODIUM 3X–Renal colic, right sided; pain shooting across lower abdomen from right to left; pain in back relieved by urinating; urine slow to come; must strain; retension; polyuria during night; red sand in urine; uric acid diathesis; child cries before urinating; pains drawing; aching warm food and drinks.

SARSAPARILLA 1OMBloody, scanty, slimy, flaky, sandy, copious, passed without sensation, deposits white sand. Painful distension & tenderness in bladder. Urine dribbles while sitting, passes freely when standing. Air passes from the urethra. Child screams before & while passing urine. –Passage of small calculi or gravel, renal colic, stone in the bladder. Excruciating pains from right kidney downwards. Severe almost unbearable

TABACUM 30-Renal colic, severe spasmodic pains along the left side of the ureter. Deathly nausea and vomiting. Violent vomiting, with cold sweat, on the slightest motion, with faintness outside. Constant nausea, like being seasick. Vertigo. Face pale, blue, pinched, sunken, collapsed. Terrible, faint, sinking feeling in the pit of the stomach. Icy coldness of surfaces.

Right-sided renal colic with pain that radiates to the right thigh and the genitalia, frequent urges to urinate that are ineffective and result in dribbling urine, stranguly, haematuria, itching in the urethra and pain in the neck of the bladder, backache, and the need to sit up or turn over in bed. This remedy is best suited for people who are thin, agitated, zealous, nervous, literary

OCCIMUM CAN. Q–Right-sided renal colic, uric acid diathesis, red sand in the urine, high acidity, formation of spike uric acid crystals, thick, purulent, bloody, brick dust red or yellow sediment, musk-like odor, pain in the ureters, and cramps in the kidneys.

BAROSMA CRENATA–Gravel, a vesical catarrh-affected irritable bladder, and mucopurulent discharges

**BELLADONNA 30-**Violent spasmodic pains, usually in short attacks, in the kidney region, particularly on the right side. Other symptoms include redness of the eyes and face, throbbing in the brain and carotid arteries, tenderness and distention of the abdomen, pressure on the organs, tenderness to touch, and swelling.

CHAMOMILLA 30-Hip and loin pain that is unbearable and makes you feel hopeless

Renal stones can be treated specifically with **CALCAREA RENAILS 3X-**.

COLOCYNTH 30-Vesical catarrh, discharge resembling the fresh white of an egg, red hard crystals, hard pressure from renal colic, pains on urinating throughout the abdomen, shooting pains similar to electric shocks, and complaints of rage, indignation, and embarrassment

DIOSCOREA VILLOSA Q-Colic pains when standing or bending forward or backward. Violent twisting colic, occurring in regular paroxysms as if the abdomen were grasped and twisted by a powerful hand. Pain suddenly shift to different parts, appear in remote localities as fingers and toes. Renal colic with pains radiating to the extremities.

HYDRANGEA 30Renal calculi, gravel, profuse deposit of white amorphous salts in urine, renal colic, sharp pain in the loins, especially the left, burning in the urethra and frequent desire, hard to start urine, bloody urine, heavy deposit of mucus, great thirst, abdominal symptoms, and enlarged prostate are all treated with this remedy.

PAREIRA BRAVA Q-Black, bloody, thick mucus urine; dribbling after micturition; urethritis; and prostatitis are some of the symptoms of renal colic. Other symptoms include pain that travels down the thighs and neuralgic pain in the anterior crural region.

**FABIANA IMBRICATA—PICHI Q–**Excoriating urine and calculi, uric acid diathesis, a terebinthine diuretic, vesical tenesmus and burning after urinating, dysuria, cystitis, prostatitis, gonorrhea, cholelithiasis, and liver disorders.

HEDEOMA Q-Red sand in urine, dragging pain from kidney to bladder, dull burning pain over left kidney, pain along left ureter, frequent intense urogenital urges, inability to hold urine for more than a few minutes, better urinating.

EPIGEA REPENS Q– Renal calculi, gravel, and uric acid deposits; fine, brown sand in the urine; dysuria; tenesmus; burning in the neck of the bladder during urination; chronic cystitis; mucopus; pyelitis; and urine incontinence.

Renal colic, pain behind the pubic bone, kidney congestion with dull pain in the back, running down the ureters and limbs, frequent and difficult urination, strangulating with nervous erethism, tenesmus of the bladder and urethra, and thick yellow mucus discharges are all symptoms of eryngium aquaticum q.

THLASPI BURA PASTORIS Q–Renal colic, gravel buildup, brick dust sediment, urine that is heavy in phosphate, spasmodic retension, dysuria, uric acid diathesis, venous irritation, urethritis, urine that escapes in tiny jets, haematuria, and albuminuria.

OXYDENDRON Q–Vesical calculi, bladder neck irritation, suppressed urine, dropsy, abnormal portal circulation, and enlarged prostate are all symptoms.

SOLIDAGO Q–Urine difficult and scanty, albumen, blood, and slime. Kidneys sensitive to pressure. Backache of engorged kidneys. Urine scanty, reddish brown, thick sediment, dysuria, gravel. Pain in kidneys radiates forward to abdomen and bladder.

PARIETARIA 3XRenal calculi: patient has nightmares about being buried alive.

STIGMATA MAYDALIS Q-Urinary symptoms linked to organic heart disease include renal lithiasis, nephritic colic, blood and red sand in the urine, urine suppression and retention, dysuria and tenesmus after urinating, and uric and phosphatic gonorrhea.

IPOMEA Q-Pain in the left lumbar muscles when bending over and in the top of the right shoulder are all symptoms of renal colic.

UVA URSI Q-Calculous inflammation, chronic vesical irritation with pain, tenesmus, and catarrhal discharges, burning after the discharge of slimy urine, frequent urging, severe bladder spasms, involuntary green urine, cystitis with bloody urine, and painful dysuria are all symptoms.

CROCUS SATIVA Q-Urinary calculi, urates, and uric acid, as well as brick red sediment, haematuria, thick, deep-colored urine, dysuria—the urge to urinate—lancinating pains from the kidneys to the bladder, and chronic bronchitis complicated by gravel.

CHINIUM SULPH. 3X-Albuminuria, chronic interstitial nephritis, turbid, slimy, clay-colored, greasy sediment, complaints of suppressed malaria, small amounts of urea and phosphoric acid with excess uric acid and abundance of chlorides, and bloody urine are all symptoms.

**BENZOIC ACID 30–**Excess uric acid in the urine, urine that is dark brown and extremely offensive, and patients who have gonorrhea or syphilis, as well as gout and rheumatism, may experience these symptoms.

NITRIC ACID 30-Cloudy phosphatic urine; scanty, dark, repulsive; bloody, albuminous, turbid urine; urine that looks like the remains of a cider barrel; urine that is cold to the touch; complaints of pricking, splinter-like pains; and complaints of continued sleep loss and excessive mental and physical exertion

MEDORRHINUM 200-Symptoms of suppressed gonorrhea include renal colic, painful tenesmus while urinating, severe pain in the renal region accompanied by frequent urination, intense pain in the ureters and a feeling that a calculus is passing through, and very slow urine flow. Women with chronic pelvic disorders should also lie on their stomachs to relieve these symptoms.

SEPIA 30-Urine that is highly offensive and needs to be removed from the room includes red adhesive sand, chronic cystitis, slow micturition with a bearing-down sensation above the pubic area, pains from other parts to the back that are accompanied by shuddering, a sensation of a ball in the inner parts, weeps easily, and indifference to those who are loved the most.

CHIMAPHILLA UMBELLATA Q–Urine that is ropy and mucopurulent, scanty and odorous, burning and scalding, and that is loaded with mucopurulent sediment. Prostatic enlargements. Inability to urinate without standing with your feet apart and leaning forward.

Renal colic, intense heat, and persistent urging. Nephritis. Scanty, high-coloured, bloody with lots of mucus and tenesmus. Irritable bladder with headache. Backache from clogged kidneys. Functional amenorrhea.

PIPERAZINUM 3X-Uric acid diathesis, urinary calculi, chronic back pain, scanty urine, and rheumatic urethritis are all symptoms.

Suppurative nephritis, lancinating pain along the spine, aching pain in the hips and loins, **POLYGONUM SAGITTATUM Q–**Pains of nephritic colic.

POLYGONUM PERSICARIA Q-It works well to treat renal calculi and colic.

NITROMURIATIC ACID 30–Oxaluria is almost always gravelly, and the urine is cloudy and burning in the urethra.

VESICARIA Q-Anger, irritability, and a smarting, burning sensation along the urethra and bladder are all symptoms of cystitis.

XANTHORRHOEA ARBOREA Q-Pain in the small of the back returns with even the slightest amount of chill or moisture. Severe kidney pain, cystitis, and gravel pain.

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